I want to thank RLM for inviting me to guest post for Speculative Faith. As this is my first (and hopefully, not last) post, I want to lay out my philosophy of Christian writing. Then I want to give a perspective on why I think speculative fiction is a very suitable vehicle for theology, contra Mike Duran [one of Spec Faith’s previous guest bloggers].
The writing of fiction is a noble calling. As men and women made in the image of God and having the responsibility to fulfill the cultural mandate (Gen 1:28) to develop the potential of this world (which presumably includes story-telling as much as it does flute-playing, Gen 4:21), a writer of fiction can imitate God the Creator through the creation of a fictional world filled with characters, activity, conflict, history, plot, suspense, climax, and denouement. I discuss this on my own site in the article, “Reflecting God’s Creation Work in Our Writing.”
There is an intrinsic splendor to the written word akin to that beauty that cannot be separated from any work of fine art. It requires natural talent that is improved upon. For Christian writers who are serious about writing, it behooves them, as an honor to God who has given the talent to write, to devote the time and effort necessary to produce the best possible fiction they are capable of and not to shy away from an effort to rival the more popular and celebrated non-Christian works.
If one claims to write Christian fiction, then it ought to be precisely that, Christian. To be Christian it must contain that which is at the heart of Christianity, and that is the person and work of Christ, or more succinctly stated, it must contain the gospel. This does not mean that everything about the gospel must be in a novel to qualify it as Christian. But it must have something about it and not in a cloudy way. It should be clear and obvious.
I am a Calvinist and hold fiercely to the five points of Calvinism (Total Depravity, Unconditional Election, Limited Atonement, Irresistible Grace, Perseverance of the Saints). So, when I assess whether or not a novel is Christian, I assess if the gospel is there, and if it is, how closely it lines up with a Calvinistic understanding. If it holds closely, it is robustly Christian. The further it strays from Calvinism, the more anemic it becomes. I admit that for most, this is far too narrow. But that is my thinking. It is the only thing that makes sense for me.
It is unfortunate that too much of what is touted today as Christian has very little to do with the gospel. It may assume a Christian metaphysic and refer to a Supreme Being that vaguely resembles the God of the Bible. It may incorporate a system of morals that are a fine reflection of biblical morals. But without the gospel, they are at bottom without meaning or rationale. Such a story is not a Christian story because it is too vague – there is no gospel that one can put his finger on. Even if the protagonist behaves in an exemplary way, there is no gospel behind it to explain how that is possible. It does not differentiate itself from the best that a non-Christian can produce.
Yet, there is nothing wrong for a Christian to write purely for entertainment, whether or not there is any allusion to a Supreme Being or a Christian metaphysic. Only, do not call it Christian fiction. Through such fiction, the Christian writer reflects God’s creative work by analogously creating a world which the reader observes and participates in through his imagination. Because of God’s common grace, Christian and non-Christian alike can read the Christian author’s ‘non-Christian’ novel, and enjoy it. We should be thankful for such Christian writing and for those who can write it well. Regrettably, as Mike Duran intimates, the Christian market may tend to overlook that point and not give these works a fair readership.
One exception that I am aware of is Andrew Peterson (The Wingfeather Saga) who is doing very well in terms of Amazon ranking. And rightly so. It is a delightful tale that I recommend to all Christian parents who read to their children, or who have children who love to read. On the other hand, George Bryan Polivka (Blaggard’s Moon, The Trophy Chase Trilogy) has produced excellent fiction whose literary craftsmanship can go toe-to-toe with anything in the general market. Yet it has not been so well received. Perhaps pirate stories are not generally appealing. But every Christian who is a serious reader of fiction should have at least one of his novels on the shelf.
Now to state the obvious. Writing is a craft that weaves words together according to rules of grammar and syntax to produce something that is meaningful. Through fiction, a story is told that has meaning. When read, it makes sense, and the reader can put the book down and reflect on what he has read because it said something that he understands. This is a self-evident truth, yet it has profound implications. It means that fiction is a suitable vehicle for conveying the teaching of the Bible. Christian doctrine – theology – is expressed in human language, and a work of fiction provides the means to do just that. The conveying of theological concepts is not restricted to such works as Louis Berkhof’s Systematic Theology. Indeed, if one requires a systematically thorough exposition of Christian theology, he may refer to such titles. But the expression of biblical doctrine is not limited to scholarly works. It can be developed in a Christian novel.
One may say that to do so, it would have to come through extended dialogue or sermonic monologue. Frankly, those are not bad ways of doing it, but they are not the only ways. Every element of good fiction writing has the potential to convey Christian truth. Old Testament narrative, though it is not fiction, uses the same grammar and syntax that fiction would use. That narrative is the story of creation, trickery and deceit, jealousy and hatred, the plagues of Egypt, the Passover, the Exodus, the tabernacle, the cultic ritual, the royal and prophetic personalities, all of which convey theological truth, even Christian truth albeit in the manner of shadow, as the New Testament letter to the Hebrews informs us (Heb. 8:5; Heb. 10:1).
Setting dialogue and sermon aside, Mike Duran points out that if Christian fiction is to convey theology, it “is pretty much consigned to showing doctrine through flawed characters and narrative, much like the Bible.” I wholeheartedly agree with that, and it is implicit in the OT narrative just alluded to. But we can go further. Fiction is not very good fiction, if fiction at all, without ‘flawed characters and narrative.’ As such, the gospel-story (narrative) is the story of sinful men and women (flawed characters) coming to repentance and faith in Christ, the Redeemer, whose sacrifice atones for their sins. The narrative does not stop at the point of conversion but continues with how such persons struggle with the remaining sin within them (flawed characters, again) and the sin in the world around them. How can that hamstring the creativity and talent of a good writer of fiction, as Mr. Duran contends? It is chock-full of possibilities and can be played out in a variety of plots and genres.
Another objection is the idea that “fiction explores issues or exposes things, but it doesn’t explain them.” The idea is that theology requires forthright explanation, and that is not what fiction does. If one thinks on that proposition, he sees that it is self-defeating. In the exploration of issues and the exposing of things, there comes understanding; understanding implies explanation, which is the by-product of exploring issues and exposing things. When writing for more than entertainment, explanation may not be an author’s foremost purpose, but it is unavoidable. Perhaps what Mr. Duran has in mind is that fiction is not the vehicle for systematic explanation, with which I agree. But to imply that fiction by nature is devoid of explanation is simply wrong.
Fiction is such a versatile apparatus that one may successfully write with a deliberate intent to teach and clarify – to explain. The writer can still produce an excellent work that meets the qualifications of good writing and story-telling. Michael Crichton’s State Of Fear is a thriller dealing with the issue of global warming. In some ways, it serves as a primer on the subject. Granted, some contend that the novel’s heavy reliance on technical data, charts, graphs, etc. detract from the plot. Personally, I found those things very appropriate. The point is that it is a work of fiction. As fiction, it explored the issues surrounding global warming and sought to expose industry as a culprit of sorts. In the doing of that, Chrichton explains what the global warming debate is about. That Crichton’s was a deliberate effort to explain through fiction is obvious as he provides addenda in which he reveals his own conclusions on the issue and provides a bibliography of sources on which he bases those conclusions. What is important for my point is that the story itself relies heavily on research and presents it in a plot that is entertaining and educational. In its exploring and exposing, it explained.
Speculative fiction, fantasy in particular, is especially suited to bring the reader face to face with biblical truth (See my article, “The Literary Genre of Fantasy and Its Use in Imparting Christian Truth).”
A Christian writer of fiction should strive to write fiction that rivals the work of our non-Christian peers. He should not shy away from writing purely for entertainment, but if he is of a mind to write Christian fiction, he should be careful to make it a story that is identifiably and pointedly Christian. He may write purely to entertain, or he may write to both entertain and teach, because fiction has all the necessary elements not only for amusement and pleasurable reading but also for explaining. As such, the Christian writer of fiction is engaged in a noble and valuable calling.
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Thomas Clayton Booher and his wife, Kaye, live in Sanford, NC. He is a graduate of Westminster Theological Seminary (1979, M.Div, ) and is a ruling elder at Countryside Presbyterian Church (PCA) in Cameron, NC. He served in the US Air Force (1972-1976) and the US Army (1983-1990). He taught at Sandhills Community College, Pinehurst, NC for nearly three years, and is currently a computer programmer. He is working on the rewrite of his Christian fantasy for young teens to adults, The Oerken Leaves, book one of the trilogy, The Whole Creation Groans. He guest posts in the Tulip Driven Life and you may follow his blog, Yellow House News.