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The Top Six Myths We Believe About Heaven

If you study God’s promises and imagine not only Heaven but New Earth, your faith will grow stronger.
| Jan 22, 2015 | 14 comments |

It’s high time Heaven got in the news more often.

Since last week, God’s eternal dwelling Place has been cited in dozens of articles about a purportedly nonfiction book written by a(n) author(s) surnamed Malarkey.1 Last week on SpecFaith I shared the news and offered some quick thoughts.2 Now it seems right to offer a few more.3

If you wish to discuss the evangelical business/publishing side of the debate, stick around for tomorrow’s guest article by Randy Streu. Here I instead hope to re-raise the topic of Heaven and six major myths that even Christians believe about Heaven — and especially about God’s oft-ignored promised successor to Heaven, the New Heavens and New Earth.

1. Everybody goes to Heaven (except Hitler and other very bad people).

This classic Betty Lukens flannelgraph scene is surprisingly biblical (with the disclaimer that New Earth will include more variety in skin tones and garment choice).

The classic flannelgraph scene of Heaven is quite biblical (with the disclaimer that Heaven will include more variety in skin tones and garment choice).

Nope. Scriptural evidence to the contrary is ample — see sobering passages such as Matt. 7:21–23 and Rev. 20:11–15. But these texts will seem insensible or cruel apart from the biblical concepts that the universe is God’s and that true eternal happiness cannot exist apart from Him. So before we even talk about how this universe is God-centered (and why this actually means He is the most loving He could ever be), consider these questions:

First, if you aren’t certain God is the most amazing loving Being in the universe, what would attract you to Heaven? What in the world could make Heaven a paradise apart from Him?

Second, could you really be satisfied with any good pleasure that exists — food, learning, travel, material goods, sex, rest, work — for ever and ever, with no challenge or variation or basis in Someone perfect and infinite and greater than all those things? Wouldn’t such a place be not like Heaven but actually the Other Place?

Only a God-centered person (as the Christian is becoming) is able to find true joy because the only joy humans could ever find is with God the Creator at the center of everything.

2. Heaven is the God-centered person’s (a Christian’s) final destination.

Among Christians this may be the biggest Heaven myth.

No, it’s not a heresy. No, it doesn’t make you unspiritual. But it does lead to uncertainties about our life now that are at best unnecessary and at worst actively harmful.

As Mike Wittmer recently put it:

What happens when people die? Their bodies and souls are unnaturally torn apart; their bodies stay here while their souls go to either heaven or hell. Praise God that those who die in Christ go to heaven, but never forget that this isn’t the way it’s supposed to be. The only reason anyone ever goes to heaven is because of sin.

More importantly, Scripture forecasts a literally heaven-shaking change for Heaven:

Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God.

— Rev. 21:1-3

From what I’ve seen, all the “heaven tourism” books ignore this promise. It’s one case when the firm truth of Scripture is more obviously joyous than man’s shallow replacement.

3. Christians shouldn’t try to imagine what Heaven will be like.

cover_heavenFor me, author Randy Alcorn was the first person to challenge, clearly and biblically, the notion that Christians would best avoid imagining Heaven (and can ignore New Earth).

In Heaven chapter 2 (PDF), Alcorn says many Christians fear going too far with the whole topic and thus avoid even a healthful use of their imaginations:

… God has given us glimpses of Heaven in the Bible—to fire up our imagination and kindle a desire for Heaven in our hearts. And what’s why Satan will always discourage our imagination—or misdirect it to ethereal notions that violate Scripture. As long as the resurrected universe remains either undesirable or unimaginable, Satan succeeds in sabotaging our love for Heaven.

Some with good intentions even use “silencer” verses to avoid the topic, such as 1 Cor. 2:9:

I said to [one pastor who misquoted the text] what I always say: “You didn’t complete the sentence. You also have to read verse ten.” Here’s how the complete sentence reads: “‘No eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him’—but God has revealed it to us by his Spirit” (emphasis added). The context makes it clear that this revelation is God’s Word (v. 13), which tells us what God has prepared for us.

4. Heaven currently has streets of gold, pearly gates, etc.

For all we know the present-day Heaven could have these things. Again, it’s not sinful or less-spiritual to speculate within Scriptural parameters. But as C. Michael Patton notes about such popular images (which are reflected in many “I went to heaven” books):

If the streets of heaven are made of literal gold, this does not come until the new heavens and earth are created (Rev. 21:21)

Scripture only describes golden streets in the New Jerusalem. This is not simply a nonliteral stand-in for present-day reality but (in some form) a prophecy of a literal and future place.

5. Heaven won’t have non-sinful yet ‘earthly’ elements like food, drink, books, adventures, culture, or even popular culture (stories and songs)

Even Alcorn waxes slightly uncertain about whether humans could enjoy actual DVD discs, dictionaries, or even daiquiris in the renewed paradise of New Earth.

logo_willfictionlastforeverI am more convinced there is no biblical reason even to cast suspicion on these human-made things (though sinful man currently and constantly uses these things to help him sin). If New Earth is this physical planet, only fire-blasted of all sin (2 Peter 3), then why not presume that at least some of man’s good devices — made even incidentally according to God’s cultural mandate — would survive or be remade? Why presume (as many do) that even if God’s new world is physical, we will revert to an agrarian or “primitive” lifestyle?

For more on this idea, along with how this supports fantastical storytelling and can actually help us fight temptations to materialism, see the Will Fiction Last Forever? series.

6. ‘Don’t be so heavenly minded that you’re of no earthly good.’

This is an especially annoying bit of folk wisdom about Heaven. It presumes odd myths like:

  • Some truth, even truth God has chosen to reveal to His people, is always dangerous. (But God’s truth is not intrinsically dangerous. Only lies can harm God’s people.)
  • God did not directly promise His future renewal of creation where His people will live forever and enjoy His gifts such as work, dancing, singing, culture, trade, ships, cities and gardens. (But He did, and there is no biblical cause to ignore these truths.)
  • The central problem is that other people “think too much” about Heaven in the first place. (But the problem instead is that people think too unbiblically about Heaven.)

All that is nonsense. I would even say all those notions have no place in biblical Christianity.

We might as well say, “Don’t be so Jesus-minded that you’re of no human good” — as if thinking “too much” about Jesus will distract us from the needs of people around us.

Rather, the Christians who strive to study biblical truth about Heaven and especially the future New Heavens and New Earth, and who base their anticipations and imaginations on biblical truth, will also think more biblically and faithfully and lovingly about this Earth.

profile_cslewisAs C.S. Lewis wrote in Mere Christianity:

Looking forward to the eternal world, is not, as some suppose, a form of escapism or wishful thinking. It is one of the things a Christian is meant to do. It does not mean we are to leave this present world as it is. If you read history you will find that the Christians who did the most for the present world were just those who thought the most of the next. Aim for heaven and you get earth thrown in.

Thus, if you study the Bible, enjoy God’s truth and use it anticipate and imagine a fantastical Jesus-centered world purged of sin and death — and if you also work to reject unbiblical, joyless vague, and man-centered notions about Heaven — your faith will grow stronger.

Did I miss any myths? Have you ever changed your views of Heaven and/or the world beyond?

  1. Here is an idea: People could use this surname as the basis for a terrific joke that calls into question the validity of the book and its contents.
  2. Since then the best article I’ve seen that surveys the tragic debacle is from The Guardian here.
  3. This also seems worth interrupting The State of Christian Fantastical Fiction 2015 feature series.
E. Stephen Burnett explores biblical truth and fantastic stories as editor in chief of Lorehaven Magazine and writer at Speculative Faith. He has also written for Christianity Today and Christ and Pop Culture. He and his wife, Lacy, live in the Austin area and serve as members of Southern Hills Baptist Church.
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Travis Perry
Editor

Um, I think you are actually guilty of misunderstanding people in this article. When people say “Heaven” they usually mean (though they often don’t think it out enough to define it as such) “being in the presence of God forever.” As such, the term covers both what you are calling “heaven” that exists now AND also the new heaven and new Earth that I agree will be created after the Millennium and which does not exist now. Using broad terminology is not in fact an error–it is just a different way of thinking. It would be a bit like someone in Old Testament times referring to the coming of the Messiah and saying the prophets foretell he will heal the sick and make the lame walk and rule as king over Israel forever.

That thought in an Old Testament believer’s mind would in fact be correct–the coming of the Messiah IS to be associated with all those things. The fact they do not all come at once, that there are two comings of the Messiah, is not really an error, even if it indicates a lack of understanding (and the rule of the Messiah cannot be limited to the 1000 year reign either, for that matter, because he will also rule in eternity). So it certainly would be a mistake for someone to declare their point of view a “myth.”

Likewise you are in error not to see that as a broad term, “heaven” usually incorporates BOTH where a person goes now after death AND the new heavens and the new Earth. Conflation of two things into one broader category is not an error per se–it is only if you get technical–which I do not believe justifies your use of the term “myth.” FYI.

D. M. Dutcher
Member

5 is tricky. Really tricky. It’s not that there’s Biblical cause to doubt, but the problem is something like this story of two old desert fathers:

“Two old men had lived together for many years and they had never fought with one another. The first said to the other, “Let us also have a fight like other men.” The other replied, “I do not know how to fight.” The first said to him,”Look, I will put a brick between us and I will say: it is mine; and you will reply: no, it is mine; and so the fight will begin.”

So they put a brick between them and the first said, “No, it is mine”, and the other said, “No, it is mine.” And the first replied, “If it is yours, take it and go.” So they gave it up without being able to find a cause for an argument.

We may not have stories because we’ll live in a world where the idea of arguments, or even of people getting mad enough to hurt one another will be alien to us. We won’t know death, not in the sense that if we’re killed we’ll just upload our personalities to a new body but in the sense that we never will die or will have cause to die or kill.

Imagine a story where you had a person saying “I want to rule the world!” Then everyone says, “okay, the world is yours. Take it and go, so your joy may be full.” A lot of the stories we have now reflect the fact that sin and death are in the world, and when both are gone, I’m not sure we can say everything is the same. You need to be wary of putting too much of us into the future, as we aren’t transformed yet.

Martin LaBar
Member

Thank you for this.

Paul Lee
Member

This is why I read Speculative Faith. This is a better explanation of both heaven and hell. I hope that the New Earth will be real and that there we can do things that actually are real, and be truly real ourselves. I hope God will make me and the people I’ve known in this life real enough to exist there. I can’t tell people to pray to Jesus to go to heaven; I only hope that they ultimately love ultimate Goodness. I hope the same of myself, and that some day we might really be able to come together to be able to create something real.