Rain falls, so people say God did it to bless their crops. Then knowledge is gained, and it is explained in terms of meteorological conditions. The mystery is gone, and a god is no longer needed to explain how it happened.
Of course, such a belief is incomplete, if a belief in God is understood in those terms. While it is true some Christians do hold a “God of the gaps” belief system, the atheist and agnostics have a critical hole in their proposition. Actually, more than one.
They assume God is not real and only adopt theories/beliefs based upon that premise.
While it is plausible that religions arose in response to explaining the unknown, it is also just as plausible that they arose because they reflect a reality that exists.
Case in point: the classic evolution vs. creation debate. In adopting evolution as the engine of creation, atheist and agnostics believe it shows a creator wasn’t required. If true, then knowing how an electric drill works means it didn’t have a creator. The logic does not follow.
They assume by explaining the how, that they have also explained the why or who.
Science is equally guilty of filling in gaps where it doesn’t belong. Religion is accused of filling in the gaps of how an event occurred. Science is also guilty of filling in the gaps of why an event occurred.
By explaining creation via evolution, the atheist and agnostic postulate that a who or why is not there. Yet, there is no way they could know this for sure. They cannot exclude the possibility that a god did create us and our world using evolution if that is how he did it.
Science can help explain the how of things, it cannot theorize about why or who that is responsible. Yet people continue to use science to fill in the gaps of atheism and agnosticism.
Consequently, you hear from secularist that Christian science fiction is a contradiction of terms. The two cannot be compatible.
That is a science of the gaps view. If science stays within its boundaries of understanding the how, Christianity explaining the why and who shouldn’t conflict with science anymore than knowing how electricity works exclude the possibility that someone turned on a light and had a reason to do so. Science should be agnostic when it comes to God, or it risks being a science of the gaps.
What gaps in science or religion have you seen or used?