/ / Articles

The Novella: A Great Idea Whose Time Has Come

Cruciform Press general editor Dave Swavely: “We may be at the dawn of a revolution in fiction publishing—the ‘Day of the Novella.’”
| Sep 4, 2018 | 4 comments |

In The New Yorker, Booker Prize-winning author Ian McEwan wrote, “I believe the novella is the perfect form of prose fiction.”1

Even if that’s an overstatement, McEwan’s article makes a great case that the novella is an important and beneficial form of literature.2 So why are works of fiction with a length somewhere between short stories and novels almost never published, unless they’re by a famous author?

The main reason is that prior to modern publishing innovations like eBooks and on-demand production, thousands of copies of every book had to be printed, and novellas were too short and inexpensive for publishers to turn a profit on them (unless they were by a famous author and therefore guaranteed to sell enough copies). But those new publishing capabilities have made the printing cost a relatively moot issue, so the novella is now primed to become as prevalent and appreciated as its counterparts.

novella

We may be at the dawn of a revolution in fiction publishing—the “Day of the Novella”—and Cruciform Press is hoping to be a pioneer in this new age like it has been with short, practical non-fiction books during the last decade. On July 30 we released the first three novellas in our new fiction line.3

Perhaps you’ve thought of some other reasons why there aren’t many novellas in print. For example, an avid reader I know once complained that a short novel is a mere “snack” to her, because she likes to read long epics. But what’s wrong with a good snack? Krispy Kreme donuts are a snack, and so are ice cream and Doritos (or whatever kind of chips you prefer)—even Starbucks. So that shouldn’t be a criticism or reason to abstain from novellas, and they’re not even bad for your health!

We might assume that novellas are somehow inferior to novels because they’re shorter, but McEwan addresses that issue very well in the larger section surrounding the quote above:

Composers, including those of the highest rank, have never had such problems of scale. Who doubts the greatness of Beethoven’s piano sonatas and string quartets or of Schubert’s songs? Some, like me, prefer them to the symphonies of either man. Who could harden his heart against the intimate drama of Mozart’s G minor trio, or not lose himself in the Goldberg variations or not stand in awe of the D minor Chaconne played on a lonesome violin?

Strangely, the short story never arouses suspicion of short-changing, probably because the form is so fundamentally different from the novel.

I believe the novella is the perfect form of prose fiction. It is the beautiful daughter of a rambling, bloated, ill-shaven giant (but a giant who’s a genius on his best days). And this child is the means by which many first know our greatest writers. Readers come to Thomas Mann by way of “Death in Venice,” Henry James by “The Turn of the Screw,” Kafka by “Metamorphosis,” Joseph Conrad by “Heart of Darkness,” Albert Camus by “L’Etranger.” I could go on: Voltaire, Tolstoy, Joyce, Solzhenitsyn. And Orwell, Steinbeck, Pynchon. And Melville, Lawrence, Munro.

The tradition is long and glorious. I could go even further: the demands of economy push writers to polish their sentences to precision and clarity, to bring off their effects with unusual intensity, to remain focused on the point of their creation and drive it forward with functional single-mindedness, and to end it with a mind to its unity. They don’t ramble or preach, they spare us their quintuple subplots and swollen midsections.

novellaNovellas not only promote economy and unity in writing, but they are a perfect medium for a generation of readers who have shorter attention spans and love movies (a screenplay is around the same length as a novella).

I wonder why Ian McEwan omitted A Christmas Carol from his list of examples (perhaps because it’s too “Christian” for him?). That short book by Charles Dickens, in my opinion, is the greatest example of a classic work of art that has changed the world for good in many ways. For one of Cruciform’s first three titles, I had the privilege of abridging and annotating Dickens’ novella Haunted Man, a forgotten speculative classic that I hope will also be used by the Lord to bring his grace and truth into many lives.

  1. Ian McEwan, “Some Thoughts on the Novella,” The New Yorker, Oct. 29, 2012.
  2. This article was originally published July 28, 2018 at Truth is No Stranger to Fiction. We’ve reprinted it with permission.
  3. Cruciform Fiction’s first three titles are all Christian speculative fiction. They plan to publish other genres like historical fiction and missionary stories. However, I (Dave Swavely) have a special love for this genre, having published five novels containing Christian characters and themes (three of them with large secular publishers).
Similar articles

4
Leave a Reply

avatar
  Subscribe  
Notify of
Travis Perry
Editor

I’m really impressed by the effort Cruciform Press is making here and I hope it does very well in sales. And I agree that novellas can be amazing!

David W. Landrum
Guest

The novellas McEwen lists are some of my favorite works of literature. Through he refers to only by the author’s name, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, by Alexander Solzhenitsyn, is one of my top-five favorite pieces of fiction; and a powerful and very Christian work of art. I write novellas and hope they will indeed see their day.

Rachel Nichols
Guest

Tolstoy wrote some GREAT novellas. The Death of Ivan Ilyich, Family Happiness, and Master and Man. I love The Metamorphosis. Kafka chose just the right length for this literary gem. Long enough but no longer.

Spec fiction works well in this form because it demands a suspension of belief from the reader a novel length story might not be able to pull off, but allows for more world building than a short story would.

As far as epics go, string a bunch of novellas repeating the same characters and settings in a series. Or publish novella length installments as a serial. Stephen King tried to bring back the serialized novel when the internet was younger. He emailed a chapter every few weeks and asked for readers to send him a dollar for the privilege using the honor system. Few paid. (Shocking, huh?)

But it looks like the right way has been found now. Publish 100 page installments on Amazon/other sites every 2 or 3 months. Readers can pay for each installment if they want to read. The first installment should be free. Unless you are as famous as King.

Ken Goudsward
Guest

I don’t know how many books I have abandoned reading halfway in, at least in part due to the ungainly padding required to get them up to novel length. As writers, we need not waste our readers time with extra fluff. Stick to the good stuff. Make shorter books.